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Jeroen Smeets

Lab members
Impact factors
Student projects

Research topics
variability & adaptation
eye movements
space & time
color vision


Interception poses problems that are difficult to control due to the continuously changing target position in combination with the inevitable neural delays. Research on this topic has shown that these problems are only circumvented to a very limited extent by using predictive information (like the ball's speed). Subjects rather use the information of previous trials, or correct on-line for the errors made in the earlier part of the movement. Similar effects were found for eye-movements towards moving objects.

Publications on interception

  • Nelson JS, Baud-Bovy G, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E. (2019) The accuracy of intercepting moving tactile targets. Perception, 48:685701 (reprint, DOI)
  • de la Malla C, Brenner E, de Haan EHF, Smeets JBJ (2019) A visual illusion that influences perception and action through the dorsal pathway. Communications Biology, 2:38 (reprint, DOI)
  • de la Malla C, Rushton S, Clark C, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2019) The predictability of a target's motion influences gaze, head and hand movements when trying to intercept it. Journal of Neurophysiology, 121:2416-2427 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2018) Continuously updating one's predictions underlies successful interception. (Review) Journal of Neurophysiology, 1209:3257-3274 (preprint, DOI)
  • de la Malla, C., Smeets, J. B. J., Brenner, E. (2018). Errors in interception can be predicted from errors in perception. Cortex, 98:49-59 ( reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Rodriguez IA, Munoz VE, Schootemeijer S, Mahieu Y, Veerkamp K, Zandbergen M, van der Zee T, Smeets JBJ (2016). How Can People Be so Good at Intercepting Accelerating Objects if They Are so Poor at Visually Judging Acceleration? i-Perception 7:2041669515624317, 1-13. (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2015) How people achieve their amazing temporal precision in interception. Journal of Vision, 15 (3):8, 1-21 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2015) How moving backgrounds influence interception. PLoS One, 10(2): e0119903 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Driesen B, Smeets JBJ (2014) Precise timing when hitting falling balls. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8,342:1-8 (reprint, DOI)
  • Narain D, van Beers RJ, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E. (2013) Sensorimotor priors in non-stationary environments. Journal of Neurophysiology, 5:1259-1267 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, van Dam M, Berkhout S, Smeets JBJ (2012) Timing the moment of impact in fast human movements. Acta Psychologica 141:104-111 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2011) Continuous visual control of interception. Human Movement Science 30:475-494 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2010) Intercepting moving objects: do eye-movements matter? In: Space and Time in Perception and Action (Nijhawan, R. & Khurana, B., eds.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 109-120. (reprint)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2009) Sources of variability in interceptive movements. Experimental Brain Research 195:117-133 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2009) Modifying ones hand's trajectory when a moving target's orientation changes. Experimental Brain Research 196:375-383 (reprint, DOI)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2007) Flexibility in intercepting moving objects. Journal of Vision 7(5):14, 1-17 (reprint, JOV)
  • Lopez-Moliner J, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2007) Effects of texture and shape on perceived time-to-passage: knowing 'what' influences judging 'when'. Perception & Psychophysics 69:887-894 (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, López-Moliner J, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2006) Determining whether a ball will land behind or in front of you: Not just a combination of expansion and angular velocity. Vision Research 46:382-391 (reprint)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2005) Intercepting moving targets: why the hand's path depends on the target's velocity. In: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging X, (BE Rogowitz, TN Pappas, SJ Daly, eds.), vol. 5666. pp. 374-384. (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2005) Hitting moving targets: Effects of target speed and dimensions on movement time. Experimental Brain Research 165:28-36 (reprint)
  • de Lussanet MHE, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2004) The quantitative use of velocity information in fast interception. Experimental Brain Research 157:181-196 (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2003) When is behavioral data evidence for a control theory? Tau-coupling revisited. Motor Control 7:103-110. (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Middelburg T, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2003) Hitting moving targets: A dissociation between the use of the target's speed and direction of motion. Experimental Brain Research 152:368-375 (reprint)
  • Brenner E , de Lussanet, MHE, Smeets JBJ (2002) Independent control of acceleration and direction of the hand when hitting moving targets. Spatial Vision, 15:129-140. (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2002) Hitting moving objects: use of target velocity in guiding the hand. Experimental Brain Research, 143:198-211 (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2002) Perception of acceleration with short presentation times: Can acceleration be used in interception? Perception & Psychophysics, 64:1160-1168 (reprint)
  • de Lussanet MHE, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2002) The relation between task history and movement strategy. Behavioural Brain Research, 129:51-59. (reprint)
  • van Thiel E, Meulenbroek RGJ, Smeets JBJ, Hulstijn W (2002) Flexible adjustments of ongoing movements in spastic hemiparesis. Neuropsychologia 40:16-27. (reprint)
  • de Lussanet MHE, Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (2001) The effect of expectations on hitting moving targets: influence of the preceding target's speed. Experimental Brain Research, 137:246-248. (reprint)
  • Brouwer AM, Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (2000) Hitting moving objects: The dependency of hand velocity on the speed of the target. Experimental Brain Research, 133:242-248.(reprint)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ, de Lussanet MHE (1998) Hitting moving targets: continuous control of the acceleration of the hand on the basis of the target's velocity, Experimental Brain Research 122:467-474 (reprint)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (1997) Fast responses of the human hand to changes in target position. Journal of Motor Behavior 29:297-310. (reprint)
  • Van der Kamp J, Savelsbergh G, Smeets J (1997) Multiple information sources guiding the timing of interceptive actions. Human Movement Science 16:787-822. (reprint)
  • Brenner E, Smeets JBJ (1996) Hitting moving targets: co-operative control of "when" and "where". Human Movement Science 15:39-53. (reprint)
  • Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (1995) Perception and action are based on the same visual information: distinction between position and velocity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 21:19-31. (reprint)
  • Smeets JBJ, Brenner E (1995) Prediction of a moving target's position in fast goal-directed action. Biological Cybernetics 73:519-528. (reprint)

My other areas of research are:

Krasje faculteit bewegingswetenschappen - FBW - vrije universiteit - VU - Amsterdam